What You Need to Know About Bromeliads

Bromeliad is an easy-to-care-for plant that grows in a variety of different conditions. They even survive without soil. Bromeliads are native to the tropics and subtropics. They grow as epiphytes, meaning they live on other plants or trees, but can also be grown in containers. This blog post discusses why you should plant these unique plants, the different types, and how to care for them.

The Different Types of Bromeliads

There are several types of bromeliads, and below we’ve mentioned a few.

Portea Bromeliad

A group of plants native to Brazil, Portea is a genus with nine species that produce lovely blooms in vibrant shades. The leaves are sharp and lend these bromeliads an otherworldly mystique; they’re also known for their striking beauty – some call them “disco balls on stems.”

Photo by Bergadder

Aechmea Bromeliad

They grow natively throughout much or all South America and parts of Mexico through Central America; their small bulbs have an inflorescence at their center filled with spikey flowers, making them beautiful.

Photo by Chesna

Guzmania Bromeliad

Guzmania comes in various hues ranging from yellow, orange, purple, red to pink and sometimes in white. It has dark green foliage. They flourish under indirect sunlight, humid area, warm temperatures and rich, moist soil.

Photo by Scola

Neoregelia Bromeliad

Neoregelia Bromeliads require bright sunlight to partial shade to develop their distinctive bright shades of pink and red. They do well in a well and easy draining soil mixture.

Photo by ArtTower

Vriesea

These beautiful Bromeliads have sword-shaped flower spikes and flourish under indirect bright sunlight. They love high humidity and warm temperatures. They have long, broad, and flat leaves with light green to purplish-red colors.

Photo by Scola

Quesnelia Bromeliad

Quesnelia is a genus of bromeliads local to jap Brazil that includes 22 species. Most quesnelias feature pineapple-shaped blossoms and vibrant shades like red, pink, yellow, or purple.  However, some varieties within the family have unique variations, such as white flower coloration on one plant – perfect for those wanting something less traditional. This particular type needs extra care because too much moisture will cause diseases/drying out their roots if not given enough attention.

Photo by Mfuente

Pineapple Bromeliad

The pineapple is the most popular bromeliad worldwide, not for cultivation as a houseplant but for consumption. With its familiar tropical fruit from the central inflorescence, it has an irresistible taste that will have your mouth watering every time you see one. The spiky leaves are like those on other plants belonging to this genus, with white flowers at their center.

Photo By Biologeandom

Bromeliad Care and Maintenance

All the above types of bromeliads require a good amount of light but not direct sunlight. Bromeliad needs water once or twice a week, but never leave water sitting at the bottom of their pots as it will rot the roots. If you notice any brown leaf tips on your bromeliad, it is likely too much water.

Bromeliad Propagation

Bromeliads are propagated by dividing the mother plant. If you want to propagate your bromeliad, cut it into sections that include some roots and a bit of the base. Then put them in water or moist soil to let them regenerate.

Bromeliad Growth Conditions

Light

Bromeliads need bright but indirect light. If the leaves of your bromeliad look pale and yellow, they aren’t getting enough light. If you notice brown tips on the leaves, move them to a brighter location.

Water

You should water your plant only once the soil has dried out. Please wait until it is scorched before adding more water to prevent root rot. Never let your bromeliad sit in water.

Temperature

Bromeliads are from the rainforest, so they prefer warm temperatures between 70 and 85 degrees Fahrenheit. Growing them in cooler temperatures can cause the leaves to turn purple.

Humidity

The bromeliad prefers more humidity than most other houseplants. If the leaves have brown tips, increase humidity by placing a tray with gravel beneath it and keeping it misted daily to add water to the air.

Bromeliad Pests and Diseases

Bromeliads are susceptible to mealybugs and scale. Please treat them with insecticidal soap according to the directions on the label. You can also wipe the insects off with a cotton swab dipped in rubbing alcohol.

Conclusion

Bromeliads are the best plant to have due to their minimal maintenance requirements. They can be grown indoors, and they add a unique and exotic touch to any room in your home.

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