Marigold flowers are an excellent addition to any garden. They come in many different colors and shapes and attract bees and other pollinators. These beautiful and bright flowers are perfect for sunny and warm climates. Marigold flowers help repel pests in the yard and have health benefits. Read on below to learn how to grow and care for this gorgeous flower.
Types of Marigolds
There are many types of marigolds, and they include:
These plants are drought-resistant, making them suitable for areas with little rain. French marigold plants have semi-double or crested flowers in red, orange, and yellow shades. They can grow to 12 inches high. This flower is native to Mexico and Guatemala.
African Marigold (Mexican Marigold)
This type of marigold does well in full sunshine and can withstand hot summers. African marigolds can grow in different kinds of soil. This variety of marigolds have big and double flowers in white, orange, and yellow colors. The flowers and leaves produce a strong scent similar to a mixture of lemon and mint that wards off unwanted animals and pests. While this shrub is drought tolerant, it thrives well with adequate watering. Mexican marigolds can grow to about 3 feet in height.
It’s not a true marigold but part of the Aster family. You can grow this marigold for its edible orange and yellow flowers, which come in striking shades of cream, pink, orange, and yellow. This variety is native to South Europe.
Triploid Hybrids Marigolds
This cross between the African and French marigolds resulting in large flowers and drought-resistant plants. Triploid hybrid marigolds cannot set seeds. As a result, they repeatedly bloom through summer. This variety is loved because it produces long and sturdy flowers.
Marigolds Care and Maintenance
All types of marigolds require watering whenever the topsoil is dry. Avoid overwatering them since it can lead to root rot. Watch out for yellowing lower leaves; it’s a sign of too much water in the roots.
Marigolds are propagated by the seeds. These seeds have a lifespan of two years, and when fresh, they’ve got a germination rate of 90-95%.
Marigold growth Conditions
Marigold seeds don’t need light to germinate. However, after germination, the plants need full sunlight to thrive. The pot marigold flowers, in particular, are sensitive to low-light environments.
Marigold plants need watering at least once a week. Make the soil moist to about 6 -8 inches deep. They will need frequent watering when it’s hot and windy.
Marigold seeds require a temperature, not below 65 degrees Fahrenheit. With such a temperature, they can take about ten days to germinate.
Marigold Pests and Diseases
Marigold plants are susceptible to powdery mildew. Please treat them with an appropriate fungicide. If there are aphids and other insects, get a suitable insecticide to eradicate them.
If you’re looking to plant some flowers in your garden but aren’t sure which ones to choose, marigolds are an excellent option. They’re ornamental and also have health benefits.