How to Grow & Care for Caladium

Caladiums are heat-resistant foliage plants with multicolored leaves. Their heart-shaped leaves have various colors ranging from green leaves with whitish and greenish speckles with white and rosy centers. Even though caladiums are grown for their beautiful foliage, they can produce attractive flowers for your indoors or shady garden. So, how can you introduce this ornamental plant into your homestead? Read on.

The Different Varieties of Caladiums

There are different varieties of caladium plants which include:

Fannie Munson

Source: Pixabay

It’s a shade-loving caladium variety. Its heart-shaped leaves have pink veins and green margins and come in shades of pink and red. This variety can grow to up to 18 inches tall and spread to about 30 inches wide. The leaves are translucent, and their size can range from large to extra large. It is native to the tropical zones of Brazil.

Aaron Caladium

This variety has white veins on its leaves and deep green margins. It can retain its colors throughout the seasons. This variety is the best for planting in landscape borders, under shade trees, or large planters. Aaron Caladium can attain a height of about 24 inches and a width of 24 inches.

Even though this type is not heat-resistant, it can tolerate sunny weather to some extent. You can find this variety in pink and red shades in some instances.

White Christmas Caladium

Even though this variety has luminous white leaves, they have large veins and dark green edges. This plant grows to a maximum height of 22 inches. It is advisable to space it about 16 inches apart when growing it in large numbers. You can also grow it as a bedding plant. 

White Christmas caladium does not tolerate bright and direct light. It is a perfect houseplant. Yet, you can plant it outdoors, and it will bloom.

White Wing Caladium (Lance leaf Caladium)

This variety has elongated heart-shaped and ruffly leaves. The leaves are white-colored and have reddish-pink veins and green margins. This variety can moderately withstand sun or bright light. Because of its small leaves, it can attain a height of 6 to 12 inches.

Source: https://hgic.clemson.edu/

Carolyn Whorton Caladium

Carolyn Whorton caladium is a tropical perennial plant. Many people love it due to its large and unique leaves. The colors of the leaves are pink, with blooming red veins and green margins. It flourishes under heat and humidity.

source: https://www.dutchbulbs.com/

Caladium Care & Maintenance

Caladium is a seasonal plant that grows leaves from spring to autumn and thrives in summer. The perfect time to grow the caladiums is spring and summer. Their excellent environmental condition is heat, high humidity. You can apply mulching to help the plant retain water after watering.

Growing Caladium

You can plant caladium from a tuber or plant seeds in pots or outdoors during spring.

Caladium Growth Conditions

Light

Caladium requires bright but indirect sunlight, perfect for indoor and outdoor environments.

Water

All caladium varieties love humid environments. You should water them adequately. Failure to water them, the leaves will start yellowing.

Temperature

Caladium does well when the average day and night temperatures are 70 F and 60 F. The leaves may start dying when temperatures drop below 60 F.

Caladium Pests and Diseases

Mealybugs, aphids, whiteflies, and thrips are likely to infest caladiums. If the infestation is high, use Bacillus thuringiensis to control them.

Conclusion

If you’re looking for a plant to brighten your indoor or shady garden, caladium is your perfect partner.

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