How to Get Rid of Aphids

Aphid infestation in your garden is one of the most frustrating things you can experience. If left unattended, they can destroy your garden plants, including vegetables, flowers, and fruit trees. Aphids destroy your plants by sucking the plant sap. This may cause twisting, rolling, or bending leaves, leading to yellowing and wilting of the same leaves. 

Besides sucking the sap, aphids feed on flower buds and fruits, which leads to the malformation of flowers and fruits. While feeding on your plant nutrients, aphids excrete honeydew, a sticky substance that attracts the growth of sooty mold fungus. High infestation of aphids on your plants can lead to stunted growth and their spreading to other plants in your garden.

If your plants receive little care, eradicating aphids can be a lengthy process. You should conduct regular inspections of your plants for early detection of aphids. Aphids are quick to multiply, do not wait for them to multiply to start treating them. 

Types of Plants Mostly Affected By Aphids

Aphids infestation on tomato tree

Aphids attack different types of plants, including;

  • Flowers, 
  • Vegetables
  • Tree fruits

Some of the flowers that aphids infest include sunflowers rose flowers, English daisies, a variety of bedding flowers such as geraniums, floss flowers, nasturtium flowers, and french marigolds.

Common vegetables susceptible to aphids attack include kales, cabbages, mustard veggies, broccolis, cauliflowers, and Brussel sprouts. Aphids infestations can cause an overall loss in vigor and productivity in vegetables.

Tree fruits; apple trees, flowering palms, pears trees, and citrus orchards.

How to Control Aphids?

Handpicking and destroying aphids that you spot on your plants is not a long-term solution to fighting aphids infestation. Here are the best methods to eliminate aphids from your plants at home;

  • Using a water sprayer: Splash pressured water on the aphids and the whole plant to knock off any pests and their eggs from the plant. This is a practical and natural approach to controlling aphids on mature plants that are not delicate.
  • Mix liquid soap and water: Mixing these two makes an excellent homemade solution for killing aphids. Use a hand sprayer to spray directly to the aphids and the plants in general. This solution works by dissolving the outer layer of aphids and other insects hence destroying them.
  • Use natural oils: You can use horticulture oil or neem oil as an alternative to the liquid soap remedy. Spray the oil onto the plants like you would have sprayed the liquid soap solution. 
  • Use yellow sticky: They are perfect for trapping aphids and other insects. Before using yellow sticky, read the instructions thoroughly.
  • Introduce beneficial insects: Beneficial insects like ladybugs, Aphidus colemani, and Green lacewings are good aphid predators. They will eat grown aphids and destroy their eggs and pupae.
  • Chemical insecticides: If the infestation is still growing, visit an agro shop for a suitable chemical insecticide.

How to Prevent Aphids Infestation in Your Yard?

  • Inspect any new plants before purchasing them and, if possible, quarantine them before mixing them with the rest in the garden.
  • Ensure your plants stay healthy by watering and fertilizing them regularly. Avoid over-fertilization since it can promote aphids occurrence. 
  • Introduce aphids repellant plants like catnip, garlic, and chives around your garden.
  • Conduct thorough inspections of your plants at least weekly. This will help you identify early signs of aphids infestation.
  • Grow your plants under row covers to deter aphids from infesting the young roots and leaves.

Conclusion

Aphids infestation can turn out to be a monster in your beautifully kept garden. With the tips above, you can control and prevent aphids infestation from your garden. Regardless of the measure you choose above, try alternating the steps to avoid resistance. 

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