Hibiscus is a tropical plant with cheerful flowers and colorful leaves to add color to your patio or garden. Besides being used for ornamental purposes, the flowers are suitable for medicinal use. With proper care and maintenance, hibiscus plants can flower from late spring through autumn. Depending on the species, their flowers can come in yellow, red, orange, pink, purple, and multicolor shades. Here are easy tips on growing and caring for hibiscus flowers at home.
Types of Hibiscus Flowers
There are over 200 varieties of hibiscus flowers with different qualities. Here are the best varieties that you can grow at home.
China Rose (Hibiscus rosa-Sinensis)
This plant is native to Southeast Asia, and it grows to up to 10 feet high. It is the national flower of Malaysia. This variety is famous for its bold flowers in white through pink, yellow, apricot, red, and orange shades. Besides growing it for its beauty, you can plant this plant in groups as a screen for privacy. It flourishes in full sun, but it can also tolerate shade.
Rose of Sharon (Hibiscus syriacus)
This easy-growing hibiscus flower thrives in full sunlight and can also tolerate shade environments. Rose of Sharon can grow to about 12 feet high, producing showy flowers of pink, dark pink that resemble purple, light pink, or white shades. This variety blooms from late summer to mid-fall. With proper pruning, this variety will produce large, showy flowers. You can grow a rose of Sharon variety as a border or hedge plant for your privacy.
Giant Rose Mallow
This variety produces pink to white blooms with dark red pigment at the center and copper-purple glossy leaves. The flowering period for giant rose mallow is from midsummer through fall frost. This species thrives in full sun to produce the best flowers as big as a dinner plate, and it is also the ideal environment for withstanding potential diseases.
Hawaiian Hibiscus (Yellow Hibiscus)
It is the state flower of Hawaii thanks to its large stunning flowers. The flowers can be as big as 6 inches wide. And their flowering period is from spring till early summer and occasional blooming in other seasons. While this variety naturally grows in semi-arid regions of Hawaii, this plant is rare to find. You can choose to plant it in the garden or a container plant.
Rock Hibiscus (Hibiscus denudatus)
This is a small shrub that can grow to 3 feet, and it’s a native plant of North America. Unlike other types above, this variety produces small leaves likely to shade off during drought season. It has pinkish-lavender flowers with deep coloring at the center. You can easily spot this variety clinging to the rocks.
Hibiscus Care and Maintenance
You can either choose to grow hibiscus plants in containers or garden beds. Unlike most houseplants, hibiscus requires warm water during watering; cold water may shock them. Water them frequently during summer and ensure the soil has good draining capabilities. Pruning is ideal during spring.
You can choose to grow hibiscus flowers through the seeds or by planting its cuttings. Dip the cuttings into a rooting hormone and plant them directly into well-draining soil.
Hibiscus Growth Conditions
Most hibiscus plants love warm temperatures and areas free from frost. The ideal planting time is during autumn.
These plants love moist but not water-logged soil. You should water it frequently, especially when the plant is blooming and when the weather is warm.
Hibiscus plants flourish in the sun. Ensure they get not less than 8 hours of direct sunlight daily.
Hibiscus Pests and Diseases
Most hibiscus varieties are susceptible to mosquitos, aphids, fungus, thrips, and coast flies. However, this plant will naturally resist such pests with good plant management practices.
Hibiscus plants are beautiful adds to any garden. Identify any favorite varieties and introduce them to your garden as an individual plant or in a group.