Peruvian Lilies, also known as Alstroemerias, are beautiful plants with many benefits. You can plant Peruvian plants in the ground or containers, and they will grow well when given the proper care. They produce attractive trumpet-like flowers that come in an exceptional range of colors. Because of their long vase life, these flowers are vital components of most bouquets. So, how can you grow Peruvian lilies at home? Read on.
Types of Peruvian Lilies
There are many varieties of Peruvian lilies with different colors and petal shapes. Here are our top 5 types;
Alstroemeria Princess Eliane
This compact, free-flowering alstroemeria variety bears bright pink flowers flourishing from early summer through fall. These flowers are decorated with a yellow throat and glowing streaks on the inner petals. It is a small variety, and it grows from 9 to 12 inches.
Alstroemeria Mauve Majesty
It is a tuberous perennial with large funnel-shaped bright mauve-pink blooms adorned in creamy yellow throats. Its flowering is from midsummer to early fall. It is an excellent option for borders, thanks to its striking colors. This species is relatively tall; it can grow to about 36 inches. Despite its growing height, it is an excellent container plant.
Alstroemeria Indian Summer
This variety is an excellent border plant. This exotic-looking alstroemeria variety is a robust perennial bearing coppery-orange and golden-yellow blooms perfect for brightening any garden. Its blooming period is from early summer to early fall. This plant is about 28 inches tall and produces broad green foliage.
Alstroemeria Blue Heaven
This variety is a strong perennial that blooms from early summer to late autumn. It produces beautiful lavender-blue blooms with yellow throats. The plant is relatively low-growing, and it is perfect for borders. It can attain a height of about 36 inches while producing large green leaves with a silverish hue.
Alstroemeria Inca Ice
It has dark-green spearlike leaves with soft-apricot and creamy-yellow petals decorated with flaming streaks. Mostly, people grow it on the borders due to its compact size. You can choose to plant it in the garden or containers, and it will still flourish. It blooms from early to late summer and produces a lot of blooms. Inca ice species can grow bushy and attain a height of about 36 inches.
Peruvian Lilies Care & Maintenance
All Peruvian lily varieties in our discussion above are easy maintenance plants. They thrive in full sunlight or light shade. Their favorite type is soil is fertile moist but must be well-draining. If planting them in containers, take them to your house during winter to protect them from winter frost.
Deadheading is recommendable when you want this plant to produce more flowers. If you don’t want the plant to have more seeds, prune it after every bloom.
Propagating Peruvian Lily
There are different ways of propagating Peruvian lilies, but the most reliable and stress-free is by dividing tuber. The best time to divide the tubers is in early spring, before new growth starts.
You can also grow Peruvian plants from seed. However, seeds are slow to grow compared to propagating the tubers.
Peruvian Lilies Growth Conditions
Peruvian plants bloom adequately in full sun (at least six hours). However, in sweltering climates, these plants appreciate some shade.
These plants require regular moisture, mainly when the summer temperatures are heating up. As a standard practice, water them about an inch of water weekly or when the soil feels dry to touch.
Peruvian plants grow well in most soil types, provided the soil has good drainage and is not prone to waterlogging. Dump conditions may make their roots rot.
Peruvian Plants Pests and Diseases
They may be susceptible to slugs and fungal infections, including;
- Botrytis blightroot rot
- Pythium root rot
You can avoid root rot by ensuring your plant is dry before watering it. As for the other diseases, they are treatable by buying a suitable fungicide.
Peruvian lilies are easy to care for and grow well in moist garden soil. They also come with many color varieties, shapes, blooming periods, and heights. If you need a plant that will keep blooming for months, Peruvian lilies are the way to go.