Chrysanthemums or mums are popular flowers that you can find worldwide. They are an important symbol of the fall season, which is why you’ll often see them in bouquets during Thanksgiving or Christmas time. They are also part of Japanese culture and symbolize happiness and prosperity.
Besides their ornamental features and symbolism, chrysanthemums are edible and contain medicinal properties. For example, chrysanthemum tea is a relaxant and can help with insomnia. Herein are some facts about the chrysanthemum.
Types of Chrysanthemums
This chrysanthemum has one row of petals and is very popular for bouquets. These blooms resemble daisies because of their white petals and yellow centers. They appear bushy and can grow from one foot to about three feet high when fully grown. This type of mums comes with a single petal per stem in most cases.
This type of chrysanthemum has tightly wrapped florets, forming a tube-like shape with spiky-like petals. These flowers come in various colors: white, pink, red, and purple. They are about two inches in diameter and can grow up to 6 inches high. They are the best choices for disbuds. Matchsticks and muted sunshine are good examples.
This type has long and thin petals resembling spider legs. They achieve a lacy and elegant look as their long petals go off in different directions. The blooms come in many colors, including yellow, bronze, and white. They can grow up to more than 6 inches high. In some instances, spider blooms bear petals that coil or hook at the tips. Anastacia and Cremon varieties are good examples.
This type is also known as ball chrysanthemums. Their petals are tightly packed together at the center, forming a round shape. The flowers come in many colors: white, yellow, bronze, and red. They can grow to about 3 inches high. Some of the Pompons mums like Small Wonder and Baby Tears are good at repelling spiders indoors and outdoors.
This type is also known as exhibition chrysanthemums and is suitable for ornamental purposes. They are available in many different sizes, colors, and shapes. It is an ideal choice for adding a pop of color to your garden, window boxes, or pots. They can grow from one foot to about three feet high. Decorative blooms come in different varieties, including the Lexy, a smaller chrysanthemum that comes with bronze petals; the Honeyglow has medium-sized amber-colored petals.
Chrysanthemums Care and Maintenance
They require relatively little care and attention, with the most attention being regular watering when it is not raining. Watering is vital when the soil in the pot feels dry. Avoid watering the leaves to evade the appearance of rust or powdery mildew. To encourage new flowering, remove the wilting ones as they appear.
Propagating mums from cutting is easy. It is best to take cuttings after flowering ends in autumn. When planting them outside in the garden, the best season is in early spring or during autumn. If you are growing them indoors, wait for about 6 to 8 weeks until the last frost to plant.
Chrysanthemums Growth Conditions
Chrysanthemums thrive when grown in the right conditions, which include:
Chrysanthemums thrive in full sunlight but can also tolerate shade. If you don’t have anywhere to receive direct sunlight, ensure they get direct sun at least 3 hours a day.
Chrysanthemums love rich and well-draining soil. The soil should be moist but should not get soggy.
You should water chrysanthemums early in the season just as you water your lawn, about an inch weekly. Watering should increase as the plant grow and as the temperatures rise.
Chrysanthemums Pests and Diseases
Chrysanthemums plants are susceptible to;
- Powdery mildew
- Slugs and snail
You can control these diseases by avoiding wetting the leaves during watering. Spacing the plants will also help curb infections.
Chrysanthemums are also vulnerable to viruses, including smut virus, mosaic, and tomato spotted wilt virus. Check out for the correct pesticide from an agro shop.
Chrysanthemums are beautiful and beneficial plants you can introduce to your homestead. Identify your favorite type and introduce them to your homestead today.