Monstera is among the best houseplants for creating a bold and tropical feeling in your home or office. This plant boasts of big deep green leaves that seem like they have deep splits and holes in them. While this may not be a beginner-level plant, anyone can plant it to beautify their interiors. So, how can you introduce this plant to your space? Read on.
Varieties of Monstera Plants
There are over 22 species of monstera. Here are some of the best for your home;
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This climbing and evergreen perennial vine are native to Central America. It is the most popular monstera variety you will find in most home gardening and house plant stores. This monstera deliciosa is popular because of Its big gorgeous and holey leaves. This variety can grow to up to 8 feet tall and produce large, glossy, and deep perforated green leaves when growing indoors.
This species resembles the monstera deliciosa; especially when they are at a tender age, you may fail to differentiate them. This variety bears small leaves even at maturity, and the leaves bear two neat rows of splits/holes. It has a faster growth rate than deliciosa and can grow to about 7 feet at maturity. So, if you are looking for a monstera plant that will thrive quickly, try borsigiana.
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The brilliant white and a splotchy variegation pattern on variegata make it a stunning monster variety. If you’re not keen, you may think the leaves have been painted white. The term variegata means the plants come with white or creamy green patterns. This plant is expensive to acquire because of its unavailability.
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This variety has beautiful but small heart-shaped leaves. The oval-like holes on the leaves are bigger; they take about 50% of the leaf size. This plant can grow as high as 15 feet when growing like a vine. But it can range from 3 to 5 feet when growing as a houseplant. Besides being grown for ornamental, adansonii has some medicinal properties. Some people use its extracts as an antioxidant.
Silver Monstera (Monstera siltepecana)
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This small trailing monstera plant bears grey-green leaves lance-shaped with a silver hue and deep green veins. Silver monstera grows by trailing or climbing up on other plants for support. Unlike other varieties where leaves perforation can occur at any growth stage, the perforation on silver monstera only happens at maturity. This variety can grow to about 8 feet tall and 3 feet wide.
Monstera Care and Maintenance
Monstera plants do not love dry soil; when the soil feels dry to touch, water them. Reduce watering your monstera plants during winter. When the leaves start yellowing, or the edges start turning brown, it’s a sign that you are overwatering them.
They love humid environments. If you have the space, place a container of monstera plant in the bathroom. Control their excessive growth by pruning them regularly.
Propagating Monstera Plants
Propagate monstera plants through stem cuttings. You can root the cuttings in water first or thrust them in fresh all-purpose potting soil. You must take the cuttings immediately after leaf nodes. Plant three to four cuttings in the same pot for easy management.
Monstera Plants Growth Conditions
Monstera plants thrive when there is bright but indirect light. However, if there is no sunlight, they can also thrive in bright artificial light and acclimatize to low light conditions. Low light conditions will slow the growth rate of leaves and their perforation.
Even though this plant loves humidity, it prefers to stay dry. Water monstera plants when the soil feels dry to touch. Instead of following a watering schedule, be keen on the plant and water it when it needs watering.
Monstera plants grow in average room temperatures between 60 to 80 degrees Fahrenheit. They don’t tolerate temperatures below 50 degrees Fahrenheit.
Monstera Diseases and Pests
Monstera plants are prey to common pests attacking tropical houseplants like scale, thrips, and fungus gnats. These pests damage monstera by eating on the plant tissues. You can save your monstera plants from pests by changing the plant’s environment or applying neem oil or horticultural soap.
Monstera plants come in different varieties, and all will add a unique feeling of tropical to your home. Introduce them to your home garden today. Subscribe to our blog today for more gardening tips!