Bonsai Trees: How to Grow To and Care For This Amazing Plant

Bonsai trees are unique ornamental plants that you can grow at home. You can use them to convey your style, themes, and human emotion. You can grow bonsai trees in small pots and sculpt them over time to create unique artistic effects. So, how can you introduce these ornamental trees to your home? Here are some of its varieties and easy tips for growing and caring for this amazing plant.

Bonsai Trees Varieties

Bonsai trees come in two categories; indoor and outdoor. Further, both types come in different varieties. Here are some of the best bonsai tree varieties to grow at home;

Ficus Bonsai

Image source: Flickr

Ficus is one of the most popular indoor bonsai tree varieties for beginners due to its fast growth rate and hardiness. While most indoor bonsai species require plenty of light and high humidity, this variety can handle low light and low humidity. Their branches are also easy to shape.

The ficus bonsai come in different species, with Ficus Retusa and Ficus Benjamina being popular. These two species can produce flowers to brighten your indoors.

Schefflera Bonsai

Image source: Flickr

This dwarf variety has leaves that resemble a hand with five fingers. The leaves are dark green with green veins held by a thick trunk. Even though Schefflera bonsai is not a ‘true’ bonsai, it is a famous indoor bonsai tree. Once Schefflera is grown, it will require little maintenance, making it an ideal indoor bonsai for beginners.

Though this plant is grown for its attractive foliage, it can bloom once in a while. The flowers can be in the range of yellow to green.

Chinese Elm Bonsai

Image source: Flickr

This is a classic bonsai variety known for its quick growth rate and low maintenance requirements. It is the perfect indoor bonsai tree for any novice gardener. You can prune and design it to the shape you desire it to take. Chinese elms have attractive green leaves with a yellowish color. Unlike other species, this bonsai tree can tolerate over-watering.

Crassula (Jade) Bonsai

Image source: Pinterest

It is an easy-care shrub-like bonsai tree that has thick branches with thick, shiny, and smooth leaves. Mostly, the leaves take a rich jade green color, but some varieties appear to be yellow-green. Crassula bonsai is sensitive to cold, making it a perfect indoor selection. This plant does not require heavy watering because they hold a lot of water in their leaves. Avoid overwatering them and grow them in well-draining soil.

Fukien tea bonsai (Carmona retusa)

Image source: Flickr

Fukien tea is a known indoor bonsai tree in western countries. It produces small glossy and dark green leaves with little white spots on the upper surface, while the lower side has fine hairs. This flowering plant bears small white flowers that can bloom year-round, brightening your indoor space. Besides being an ornamental plant, it has some health benefits.

Bonsai Tree Care and Maintenance

Our selected bonsai tree varieties above are easy to care for beginners. Unlike other ornamental plants, bonsai trees require more frequent feeding, especially when the plant is at a growing stage. Apply bonsai fertilizer weekly during the growing season.

Propagating Bonsai Tree

Crassula (Jade) Bonsai cuttings (Image source: Pinterest)

Bonsai trees are propagated from their healthy and mature plant cuttings. The right size of the cuttings should be about 2-6 inches tall and 3-5mm in width. Propagating larger cuttings can increase their likelihood of rotting. The right timing for preparing and plating the cutting is spring and summer.

Bonsai Trees Growing Conditions

Water

Different bonsai tree species have different watering needs. Even so, most varieties require frequent watering. Observe the soil in the planting container; when it feels dry, the plant is thirsty! Water it. Be wary of falling yellow leaves from your bonsais; it’s a sign of too much watering.

Light

Bonsais need sunlight to make their food and thrive. When growing them indoors, place them in a location where they will receive direct sunlight for about 5 hours a day.

Bonsai Tree Pests and Diseases

Bonsai trees are susceptible to different pests, including:

  • Mealybugs
  • Aphids
  • Mildew
  • Slugs or snails

Mildew is a fungal infection that can grow on the leaves and branches when humid. Slugs or snails are known to spread the infection. Luckily, there are different ways of getting rid of slugs.

Aphids infest bonsais and feast on the sap hence weakening the plant. You can get rid of aphids and mealybugs by yourself.

Conclusion

Bonsai trees are miniature trees that grow indoors and outdoors. Introduce them to your home to enjoy their artistic designs. Subscribe to our blog today for more gardening tips!    

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