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Maintaining healthy houseplants go beyond watering and providing adequate light. Repotting your plants is vital for keeping them healthy and looking their best. However, knowing when and how to repot your indoor plants will determine whether the plants will flourish or stagnate.
Repotting houseplants to a bigger pot or container gives more space for roots to grow and provides fresh soil to the plants. And this is vital for the proper growth of your indoor plants. Here is an expert guide on how to repot your houseplants without killing them.
Know the Timings
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Different plants have diverse repotting timings. For newly bought plants, give them time to acclimatize to their new environment before repotting them. For existing plants, the best time to repot them is during spring and summer. During these seasons, plants are vigorous and at their growing stage and will readily adapt to their new pot or soil.
If you live in warm regions with warm winters, you can repot the plants in the fall. Avoid repotting the plants during winter because they are dormant.
When the plant outgrows its pot, it is time to repot it. If you notice that the plant’s leaves are drooping, it means that the plant is not getting enough space to grow. Watch out for crowding and cramped roots as well. It’s a sign your plant has outgrown the planter.
Select the Right Pot
The size of the pot or container is essential when repotting your plants. The pot should be big enough to accommodate the plant’s roots without crowding them. If the pot or container is small, it will constrict the growth of the plants.
On the other hand, if the pot is too big, it will require more watering and care. So select the right pot size to make repotting easier for you. When settling for a pot, choose one with holes at the bottom for draining excess water during watering. Houseplants in pots with poor drainage are likely to experience root rot.
Select the Right Soil
Differetn houseplants have unique soil requirements. So, before you repot your plants, research their ideal soil condition. Ideally, most houseplants grow well in soil rich in organic matter. You can buy a potting mix from the store or make your mix by combining garden soil, compost, and peat moss.
How to Repot Your Houseplants
Now that you know the basics of repotting your houseplants, here are the step-by-step instructions on how to do it.
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1. Remove the plant from its old pot by gently squeezing the sides of the pot and pulling it out. If the pot is stuck, use a knife to free the plant. But ensure you don’t harm the roots.
2. Inspect the roots of the plant. Shake the plant to loosen the roots from each other. Study them and see if there are any dead or rotten roots using pruning scissors. If there are any extra-long roots, trim them!
3. Transfer the plant to the new pot. Put about a third of the old soil into the new pot for an easier transition. This will help the plant quickly adapt to the new setting.
Position the plant in the new planter and add about two-thirds of the new soil. Gently press the soil to clear any air spaces between the soil, but don’t push too hard to compact the soil. Remember, the roots need to feel free.
4. Water appropriately. After repotting the plant, give it good watering to help it settle in. Water until water drains from the pot through the draining holes. Continue watering the plant regularly according to its need.
Repotting your plants is an essential step towards maintaining healthy indoor plants. It can also benefit the plants by giving them an extended life span. But the entire process can be a little bit tricky. Avoid stressing or damaging your plants when repotting them by following the above steps. Subscribe to our blog for more gardening tips.