How to Grow & Care for Syngonium Plants

Also known as arrowhead plants, Syngonium plants are native to South America. However, due to their appealing hanging shape and easy-going nature, they are becoming popular worldwide. The arrow-shaped leaves change their structure as they mature. They start as easy arrow-shaped leaves and grow into deeply lobed mature leaves. 

The foliage color varies from white and dark green to lime green and bright pink, depending on their age. So how can you introduce Syngonium plants to your home? Read on for some tips.

Types of Syngonium Plants

Syngoniums are available in different species with a range of foliage colors and patterns. Here are some of the best varieties to plant at home;

Syngonium Exotic Allusion

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It bears light green leaves that are evenly molted with cream white shade. The dark green corners make the plant appealing to anyone looking for a bi-color foliage plant. It loves bright but filtered light settings.

Pink Allusion

Image source: India gardening

This species of Syngonium bears shiny green foliage with hints of pink veins and pink blushing. The wonderful combination of green and pink colors on the leaves makes this type of Syngonium admirable for anyone looking for a colorful arrowhead plant. This species thrives in bright but filtered light conditions.

Mini Pixie

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This is a tiny type of Syngonium popular for its clump-forming nature. Besides its size, this variety has an appealing heart-shaped dark green foliage with silver-like variegation. It grows well when there is adequate but indirect light.

Syngonium Bold Allusion

Image source: Pinterest

Are you looking for a colorful Syngonium for your table? Thanks to its light green leaves with pinky veins, this variety is an amazing table plant. Besides, it is easy to maintain and extremely hardy.

Syngonium White Butterfly

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The appealing blend of white and green shades, along with the contrast of deep green, resembles a butterfly’s wings. As a climbing vine, you can train this variety to climb vertically using ropes, sticks, or trellis.

Care and Maintenance for Syngonium

The best way to care for your plant is to understand its needs and do your best to provide that.

  • Pruning: If you want to manage the size of your Syngonium, pruning is mandatory. Prune them while at the sixth leaf stage to stimulate rooting and allow the proper establishment of the plant.
  • Fertilizer: During their growing phase, apply a balanced fertilizer to your Syngonium plants every few weeks.
  • Remove wilting leaves as soon as you spot them.

Propagating Syngonium

Syngonium propagates easily by root division and stem cuttings. It is best done after a good flush of growth in the spring or summer. Take the plant out of its pot and divide it into two or three smaller plants. Replant the divisions back into individual pots with suitable compost for aroids.

You can take cuttings simultaneously, either from aerial roots that hang down from the plant or from the main plant itself. Plant the cuttings in moist compost and keep warm until they root.

Syngonium Growing Conditions

Here are some of the best indoor growing conditions for Syngonium;


Syngonium species do well when provided with bright indirect light. They thrive in offices and other spaces with fluorescent lighting. Keep the plant out of direct sunlight; the leaves will scorch if the sun is too harsh.

Most varieties will tolerate low light for long periods but prefer to be kept in brighter conditions.


Syngonium loves regular watering. However, applying too much water can also lead to root rot, killing the plants. So water carefully! Check soil moisture to determine when you should water them.


Syngonium needs temperatures between 65 and 75 degrees Fahrenheit (18 to 24 C), with the lower end of that range being ideal. Avoid placing them next to a fireplace or heater when growing them indoors.

Pests and Diseases

You can find pests such as aphids, scale insects, mealybugs, spider mites, and thrips on Syngonium plants. The first two need to be wiped off with a cloth or cotton swab dipped in rubbing alcohol. To deal with mealybugs, use neem oil. Spider mites and thrips both respond well to horticultural oil sprays.


Syngonium plants are excellent additions to any home setting. Pick your favorite variety and introduce it to your homestead today. Subscribe to our blog for more gardening tips.

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